Tortoises are evolved before mammals, birds, crocodiles, snakes and lizards. They are one of the oldest creatures on the earth.
North America includes a large variety of tortoise species, but Europe includes only three species of tortoises.
The shell of tortoise is prepared of 60 different bones and all are connected to each other.
Mostly tortoise species can live up to more than hundred years of age.
Tortoise can live on every continent except Antarctica.
The top domed part of a tortoise’s shell is known as carapace and the bottom underlying part is known as the plastron.
Tortoises do not have teeth.
Tortoises store their sperm and produce fertile eggs three years after the last mating.
The bony portion of the shell is covered with plates, which helps in protecting tortoise from various elements.
Some aquatic tortoise absorbs oxygen through the skin on their neck and cloacal areas. This helps them to hibernate underwater for long period of time.
The desert tortoise is able to survive where ground temperature can exceed 140 ° Fahrenheit.
Adult tortoise can survive for many years without access to the water.
Many land tortoises have high domed carapaces that protect them from snapping jaws off terrestrial predators.
The Galapagos tortoise is the largest living reptile species. The weight of this tortoise is usually around 570 pound. Their strong body helps them survive to survive for long.
Tortoises have good eyesight and an excellent sense of smell.
Tortoises produce fertile eggs three years after the mating.
Their unique and strong shells are responsible for their longevity.
Female tortoise lay around 2-12 eggs in deep holes and leave. The hatchling takes 90-120 days to incubate.
One can determine the sex of tortoise by their tail. Male tortoises have long tails whereas females have short tail. Male tails are kept tucked to the side.